Russian Bear Dog

Russian Bear Dog – Things to Know About Caucasian Shepherd

Russian Bear Dog

History of the Russian Bear Dog

There are many different theories on the fact that from where this breed is exactly originated. It is still unknown that how and who developed this breed.

They came from the Caucasus region. Azerbaijan, Georgia, Armenia and southeastern Russia are included in this region.

Due to their protective nature, these dogs were used to assist shepherds to guard the sheep. They just protect sheep, unlike the other sheepdogs that herd sheep.

In the Caucasus region, the biggest threat to sheep is wolves so the Russian bear dog was big enough to take care of the sheep against this threat. Shepherds and Russian bear dogs mostly employed together for guarding purpose.

The Russian bear dogs are famous among people of the Caucasus region because this breed has proved themselves that they are very good at their job.

Many people used them as a guard for their family and now around every corner of the world, they are popular for their protecting skills and loyalty.

Russian bear dog is also known as Caucasian Orchavka.

Orchavka is a Russian Term meaning “shepherd dog” and Caucasian used as a birthplace of this breed.

This breed was fully recognized in the western world recently in 1996.

In the American kennel’s breed standard list, this breed’s country of origin is Russia that’s why Russian bear dog is the most commonly used name of this breed.

What kind of dog is a Russian Bear dog?

Well, some people want them as a family pet but a new or inexperienced owner is not feasible for this breed and they cannot be handled with such owners. Russian bear dog does best when they have a job to fulfill. The Russian bear dog lifespan is 10 to 11 years.

In the rough Caucasus mountain region, there is pretty much certainty that wild wolves and bears can harm families and properties.

The Russian bear dogs are watchful, agile and loyal and courageous enough to protect their homes and families. This is a family protector breed.

This massive breed is extremely provincial and they do not take their steps back while they are fighting even against giant bears or wolves.

If you have a question that what dog can take down a bear? So the Russian bear dog is one who can take down bears and wolves.

The Russian bear dogs characteristics are intelligent but persistent, their independent nature can create difficulties for owners to train them. They need to be under observation by an experienced trainer because suspicion nature towards strangers and other animals can create extra aggressiveness if they are alone.

Russian bear dogs are not a good choice for you if you are not an experienced dog owner. They are low energy dogs and larger in size that cannot be kept in an apartment with children.

They can be your lifelong companion provide proper training and socializing in an early age. They need a lot of attention, care, and love and then a reward will come back to you in the face of loyalty and protection.

Russian Bear Dog info

Working – Russian bear dog

As mentioned above that Russian bear dog loves to be busy and work something. They can play with safety if they are at their job.

They are a working dog, they need daily activities. This is the reason they have been using for protection of sheep in the Caucasian region. One of the main reasons to get a Russian Bear dog is to guard against the potential danger.

This potential danger is not related to any human but related to wolves and bears. In the Caucasian region, wolves used to take down unguarded sheep so Russian bear dogs got training for the protection.

They are the giant size dogs. They always work in a group of dogs to fight against the wolf.

Physical Appearance 

Within the Caucasian region this breed named as Caucasian Shepherd but in the West, they are also known as the Russian Bear Dog, because of their physical appearance. A Russian Bear dog has a big, powerful and muscular body.

They have deep oval-shaped dark eyes, round shaped cropped ears, and a long tail. Do you want to know what is a dog that looks like a teddy bear? Russian bear dog is one of the breeds that look like a teddy bear.

They have double water resistant coat that comes in grey, brindle, yellow, white, red and rust shades. The size of the coat may be larger or smaller depending on the particular region, a dog is from.

The actual Caucasian Ovcharka is the oldest breed of dog.usually, it is known that they are originated from the Caucasian region between the black and the Caspian Sea.

The giant Russian bear dogs were used to guard and protection of sheep. Russian bear hunting dogs are dangerous for bear and wolves.



In past times, when shepherd would have been raising their families in the Caucasian region where Russian Bear dogs were also present so they got good attitudes for kids.

Being a protective and guard dog, they are aggressive, stubborn but it could be controlled by proper training and socialize. This is why it is strongly recommended that an experienced owner should adopt Russian Bear dog otherwise they are very difficult to handle.

They have an independent attitude so they might not follow the instructions of the trainer or owner sometimes, it needs patience and extra care while they are being trained.

They could be close and love with their family but they are extremely dangerous for the intruders. Once they are trained, they can be your best companions and protector of your property, home, and family members.

They never mistrust a stranger. Russian bear dog can fight till the end of their last breath with bear and wolves; they don’t get backward during the fight.

This is the only dog-like creature that can come across with a wolf. More in urban settings, aggression could be controlled over the time of Russian bear dog puppy till its adulthood.

Socializing – Russian Bear dog

Well, the idea of raising any big or giant dog is definitely a bundle of responsibilities. A puppy can harm someone in sense of minor injury but a large dog like Russian bear dog can do much worse.

As an experienced owner, it is the responsibility of an owner to do whatever maximum could be done during their brought up and make them confident, calm and gentle in whatever possible extent.

The first thing that matters the most for their grooming and making them gentle is socialization. This will impact on your dog’s future temperament the most.

The purpose of socialization is to make your pup use to of other strange people and animals. In this way, you can also judge your pup’s fearless behavior at an early age that how he sees strangers?

This will lead you to pick the right methodology of socializing, training and other important stuff in your puppy’s brought up period.

Without knowing anyone your pup will take everyone in your circle as a threat but bringing him out repeatedly will boost its confidence which will help to make your puppy calmer.

Estimated size – Russian bear dog

As said earlier, these dogs are giant, measures differently by their gender. Expected Russian bear dog size including height and weight are as follows.

Height (at the shoulders)

Male                28 – 29 inches maximum and minimum 26.5 inches

Female             26 – 27 inches maximum and minimum 25 inches


Male                99 – 170 Pounds means more than 50kg

Female             99 pounds minimum means around 45kg

These estimations show that female Russian bear dogs are comparatively smaller than their male counterparts. They will still be big dogs and females are equally aggressive like a male.

Russian bear dog weight of a female is also less than male. Both male and female puppies can be dangerous once come in front of strangers.

Russian Bear Dog training

If you want your dog to obey you so training is the most important factor that plays an essential role. There are lots of evidence that have been witnessing over the years that initial training can make your dog best companion.

Your dog listens to you and follows the instructions of an owner.

The dog will be willing to play and obey its owner or trainer if the training is proper.

You need to train your dog with patience, a punishment could affect adversely on your dog. he might be stubborn or aggressive and could harm you.

Because a dog is an animal and sometimes be very moody, can refuse your voice but there is no need to hit your dog.

The best methodology should be positive reinforcement based training. It will give you positive and faster results, your dog will not get nervous.

In positive reinforcement, you would appreciate your dog on his acts he is doing with pleasure or while he is learning anything from you. Appreciation could be shown by anything your dog likes the most.

check this: Russian Bear Dog for Sale

Exercises and Activities Requirements

Unlike another breed of dogs, this breed is not very active for daily tasks and activities. Although, this is important for every dog to do exercises to stay fit and healthy.

For Russian ber dog, walk of an hour would be enough. This duration will fulfill their exercise need.

Keep in mind that your Russian bear dog should be in rope or leash because you don’t know when they can get aggressive.

If you have a doubt that you cannot control your Russian bear dog by a rope or leash so it is better to make them exercise or walk within your backyard. It should be 6 feet taller or more. Due to their large size, it might be difficult to control them even on a leash.

Try to arrange obstacles or barriers in your backyard for their exercises. This is the best way to relate with Russian bear dog and their exercises.

They are intelligent dogs so they can learn easily, don’t get them bore otherwise they could be dangerous. The regular walk can fulfill their need for physical activity.

Also read: Russian Bear Dog Breeders

Diet or Food– Russian Bear Dog

Although the expected life of Russian bear dog is 11 years it also depends on the health. Health directly depends on the diet you provide to your dog. So, diet is another important factor that impacts on your dog’s life directly.

For at least 2 years, they need puppy food. You need to take a very close look at the ingredients while you are buying puppy food for your dog.

Most of the diet depends on the puppy food you are providing to your dog till 2 years. Of course, they need high-quality food.

It should be in the right quantity balanced with calcium and calories. During their puppy-hood they should get more calcium because of their giant size, otherwise, they can get early diseases like hip or elbow dysplasia.

One of the main things needs to take into consideration that a puppy should take its time for growing. This process should not be so fast because a slow-growing will make sure that everything is developing properly. Calcium, calories and other nutrition should be supply in proper quantity not less or more.

Health problems – Russian Bear Dog

The Russian bear dog is a healthy breed. They are strong dogs and does not come with any health issues. Some may have hip or elbow dysplasia, obesity, and heart problems but the majority are generally fine. They keep healthy if they are being cared for properly. Choose wise breeder, a good breeder test the breed to avoid the chances of any diseases in puppy.

Cost of Russian bear dogs

Well, the price mostly depends on some factors including breeders’ reputation and location, breed popularity, litter size, how breeder keep and maintain puppies, healthy and vaccinated puppies.

so if you are looking for the price of Russian Bear Dog then here are few details you must know to get it before.

If you ask how much is a Russian Caucasian mountain dog? The answer will be, Russian bear dog price approx. $1500 to $2000.


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